Let us start by understanding the definition of paint first. Paint is a fluid surface covering, on drying it shapes a dainty film on the painted surface. Paints are delegated as oil paints, water paints, cement paints, bituminous paint, and special paints, for example, flame-resistance paints, glowing paints, chlorinated rubber paints for securing objects against corrosive vapor, and so forth. The functions of the paints are to ensure the covered surface against potential anxieties, mechanical or chemical compound disintegration physical or environmental decorate the structure by giving smooth and colorful finish. Types of Paints will check the erosion of the metal structures check the rod of the woodwork and varnish the surface to show it looks good and better elevation.
Now, we will discuss the various Types of paints and try to understand them one by one.
Plastic emulsion paints
Plastic emulsion paints are basically a dispersion of rubber-like resin polystyrene and polyvinyl acetic derivation in water and are set up by pounding reasonable shades called pigments. Titanium dioxide in an emulsion of water vehicle and film shaping dryer. Some of the time oil is utilized as a vehicle. In the previous case, the emulsifying operators are sodium or ammonium cleansers. While in the last case metallic cleansers of magnesium or zinc are utilized. Stabilizers for example proteins, dextran, starch, casein are added to the grand compound protection from the emulsion. Also, protein gives the body accordingly improving brushing. Anti-forming specialists for example pine oil and kerosene are added to check unnecessarily form developed by the agitation of emulsion paint during its assembling and manufacturing.
These paints should get surfaced dry inside 15 minutes and hard dry inside four hours. Plastic emulsion paints are helpful in permeable and additionally wet surfaces. The emulsion coats are less musty, non-inflammable, snappy drying, and simpler to apply than different paints. They have a high covering capacity and give a neat decorative and pleasing appearance to the surface. Owing to their high cost the plastic paints are mainly used for interiors of the auditorium, showrooms, modern houses, and offices.
Cement Paint | Types of Paints for Home Maintenance
Cement paint is a water-based paint. It is an economical exterior and interior wall finish. It is resistant to fungus and algae and protects buildings from varying weather conditions. It is a mixture of Portland or white cement and lime with additions of mineral extenders accelerator and water-repellent substances. It is used for painting exterior wall surfaces mainly for preventing water penetration and reduction of dirt collection. It is available in the market in different colors.
The advantages of cement paint are it is cheap and has a more coverage area of 2.2 to 3.2 sq meters per kilogram. It is an expensive way to cover large areas such as cellars and garages. Better performance for outdoor protection and decoration. Maintains could look for many years despite exposure to a worse environment. It repels rain on external surfaces and prevents penetration of dampness.
Paints for Wood Surfaces | Types of Paints for Home Decor
Painting of woodwork should be done with great care. Normally three-four coats are sufficient for woodwork. A mixed pigment paint provides better protection, white lead combined with zinc oxide and a modern amount of fillers such as brights or silica could give good results. Tinted paints are proved to be satisfactory for maintaining color and durability. Generally, the enamel is used to give a high gloss surface. When the wood is of superior quality and if the grains are to be highlighted the only choice is the varnish forming a transparent or translucent film.
Let’s see the varnishing of wood. Varnishes provide a protected coating and gloss to the surface and intensify the wood grains. The objective of varnishing a surface is to brighten the appearance of the grain in wood. Render brilliancy to the painted surface protect the painted surface from atmospheric actions. Characteristics of an ideal varnish, it should render the surface glossy, it should dry rapidly, and present a finished surface that is uniform in nature and pleasing in appearance. The color of varnish should not fade away when the surface is exposed to atmospheric actions. The protecting film developed by varnish should be tough, hard, and durable. It should not shrink or show cracks after drying.
Paints for Iron & Steel surfaces
The major problem to overcome in painting iron and steel is corrosion due to electrolysis caused by the presence of air and moisture. Red lead is considered to be the best priming coat for iron and steel surfaces. It produces a tough elastic film impervious to air and moisture. Pure linseed oil priming coat is detrimental in that it stimulates corrosion.
The linseed oil film is rendered more impervious by the use of spar varnish. Graphite paint used for the black color is very durable and is not affected by sulfur films, ammonia, or chlorine gases. Silica graphite paints are best they do not crack and blister in course of time. Aluminum paint is also gaining popularity because of its shining and contrast properties and heat and chemical resistance. Bituminous paints may be very well adapted to paint inside of pipes iron under water, piles, ships, and boats. They are unsatisfactory when exposed to sunlight. Lead or zinc paint should never be applied directly to the iron surface as it encourages galvanic action destroying the paint.
So, these were the types of paints that are applied to different surfaces. Hope you find this blog informative and help you better understand the respective topic. Shop among the best Interior Design and Home Furnishing products here. Follow Us on Instagram, Pinterest for more ideas.